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Protests rattle Egypt

(The Globe and Mail) Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has set up a committee to consider constitutional changes in the midst of protests that have been demanding his resignation. The protests began on Jan. 25 after uprisings in Tunisia that were fueled by Internet campaigns on popular social media sites such as Twitter. Since then, Egypt has shut down Internet and mobile services, in an attempt to stop grassroots co-ordination. Anti-government protesters have faced resistance from groups supporting Mubarak's 29-year reign, but it has been suggested that they are being paid by Mubarak's National Democratic Party.

1.

A timeline of the Egyptian revolution

Al Jazeera English
This site provides a timeline of the recent events that have unfolded in Egypt. It is important to have the events compiled in one place since there have been many side stories that have emerged over the past two weeks of protests. It outlines, when and why the protests began, the disruption of mobile and Internet services, President Hosni Mubarak's actions throughout, journalist detentions and the escalation of conflict between pro- and anti-government groups. Al Jazeera English, based out of Doha, Qatar broadcasts 24-hour coverage internationally. According to its corporate profile on its website, the aim is to balance the information flow between the global North and South.

2.

Egyptian opposition calls for change

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
The National Association for Change is an Egyptian political movement founded in February 2010 by Mohammed ElBaradei. During the protests, ElBaradei has emerged as a vocal member of the opposition. The association calls for pro-democratic constitutional reforms and is represented by members of President Hosni Mubarak's political opposition, including a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, outlawed by the president. The website outlines the association's seven demands for reform, which include judicial oversight in elections, ending the state of emergency that has been in place since 1967 and changing restrictions surrounding a candidate's ability to run for president. The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace is a private, non-profit organization based in Washington D.C. that works to advance co-operation between countries. The non-partisan organization was founded in 1910.

3.

Petition: make tweets, not war

Care2.com
This petition calls for the Egyptian government to stop the violence, put an end to the detention of foreign journalists and allow Egyptian people to use the Internet and mobile devices. It has over 32,000 signatures as of Wednesday. The petition is being put forth by Care2.com, a website that promotes various causes. Care2.com is a certified B Corporation, meaning it uses business to help solve social and environmental problems. The certification comes from B Lab, a non-profit group that aims to promote high-impact companies to consumers, employers, politicians and investors.

4.

Youth involvement in the Egyptian revolution

For Student Power
Egypt is a young country, with almost two-thirds of the population under the age of 30, according to this website. Egypt's public universities are free aside from minimal registration fees and there are nearly 700,000 undergraduate students enrolled at the three largest schools. These staggering numbers, combined with the fact one in four 18 to 29 year olds are unemployed, led to rising tensions, this website says. There is a demographic overlap between students and protesters on the street and it is important to note that President Hosni Mubarak is the only president they have ever known. The website is run by Patrick St. John, a graphic designer with a history of student activism who is also writing a book on the subject.

5.

Egypt regains Internet access

Renesys
Egyptian Internet service providers came back online on Feb. 2 after a blackout that lasted nearly a week. This site outlines how service returned to the country, using charts and graphs. The Egyptian government's decision to cut Internet and wireless services was seen as an attempt to halt the online organization of protesters, after uprisings against the government in Tunisia were mobilized on social networking sites such as Twitter. Renesys is a company that monitors, collects and analyzes Internet routing data around the world. It was the source for reporting the nearly simultaneous shutdown of four of Egypt's five main Internet providers on Jan. 27. Renesys says the Internet shutdown was unprecedented. It confirmed that Twitter and Facebook were available inside Egypt when providers came back online.

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